Pilgrim and Native American Architecture at Thanksgiving

Contributed by John Hartman, Architectural Drafting and Design Program Chair, Globe University

Native American ArchitectureArchitectural Drafting and Design students at Globe University use technology and imagination to design and assemble plans for homes and other structures.  This is how homes are designed and planned today.  These tools were not available to our ancestors.  They developed their own architecture with local materials to deal with the climates where they lived.

In the early 1700’s Native Americans were building and living in teepees.  A teepee is composed of foundation poles, stakes, lift pole, animal skin curtain wall, lacing and a smoke flap.  Teepee construction allowed for efficient assembly and packing for a nomadic lifestyle and vocation.  The conical shape of a teepee allows for snow insulation and rain runoff while maintaining very comfortable warmth throughout the cold winter months.

With the Pilgrims of the greater North East, buildings consisted of log construction, English Style Tudor stucco with wood framing and stone foundations. Nails were square forged metal.  Chinking of log homes consisted of clay and straw, thatched roofs and wood fencing.   Respect must be bestowed on the great builders, Pilgrim Architectureconstructing buildings of great quality with no power tools and efficient use of space without the use of Computer Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) computers.    

The construction of great architecture required well fed builders.  Some of the finest fair served to builders was also available during the first Thanksgiving.  The first Thanksgiving meal included such delicacies as fowl, deer, seafood, cabbage, corn and squash. 

The Architectural Drafting and Design students at Globe University give thanks to the many great designers and builders of our past, giving us vision and style still incorporated in the great architecture of today.