APA Style Quick Tips: In-text Citations

apa citation

The end of the quarter is here! You’re probably putting the finishing touches on your final papers and projects, and the Online Librarians are here to help!

In our recent library Quick Poll, we discovered that many people have trouble creating in text citations.

You need to include an in text citation whenever you quote or paraphrase someone else’s words or ideas. In text citations can be boiled down to three basic elements: author’s last name, year, and locator.

(Author’s last name, Year, Locator) – for example (Novak,2012, para. 4).

Author: If the author is a person, only include the author’s last name. If the author is an organization or business, include the full name of the group.

apa manualDoes your source have multiple authors or no author at all? Find those examples on the library’s APA Citation Guide.

Year: Include the four-digit year that your source was published. If there is no date available (i.e. websites), use n.d. instead for “no date.” – for example (American Heart
Association, n.d., p. 6).

Locator: If you’re quoting directly from a source, you’ll need to include a locator, which can be a page number, paragraph number, chapter title, or section heading. Basically, your reader needs some clue about where the quote came from, so that they can go back and find it later without having to read the entire article, book, or website.

For page numbers, use the abbreviation: p.

For paragraphs, use: para.

For chapter titles/section headings, use: quotation marks – for example (Mayo Clinic, 2012, “Symptoms”).

Have a unique source that isn’t covered here? See more examples on the library’s APA
Citation Guide
, see if it’s covered by the Library FAQs, or Ask a Librarian!